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Activities > Fauna & Flora article


Flora & Fauna

Thailand is in the heart of Southeast Asia. It is a land of great natural beauty and bio-diversity. Its wild places vary from high mountain ranges in the North and Northeast, to an alluvial central plain, astonishing rain forest in the south and two coastlines the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. Thailand is positioned in a unique biological crossroads where the continent's mountain sweeps down to the plains and sea. It makes the country contained the richest variety of flora and fauna in Asia. You can find animals & plants from Malaysia, Indonesia in the south peninsula and from China & Himalayas in the north. So trekking in Thailand is exciting and amazing for all nature lovers. Most of the wilderness areas are in the national parks, which are scattered all over the country. Visitors can choose to trek in different areas and different seasons of Thailand in which you can appreciate the beauty and charm this land has to offer.

Cool season is the best season for the hiker. The weather is not so hot, cool in high mountains sometimes the temperature is 5 C or below especially at night. The trails are not slippery, fewer leaches and bugs, clear streams, and flowers bloom in some places. Samples of the good places for trekking are : Doi Inthanon, Doi Luang Chiangdao, Doi Lanka, Doi Pui inthe North, Phu Kradung, Phu Rua in the Northeast, Khao Luang in the South. Summer may not be as pleasant as in the cool season but the forest has its own beauty unlike any in other seasons due to fact that leaves are changing colors and various wild orchids bloom. The popular places in this season such as Tung Yai, Huay Kakeng in the West, Khao Sok, Halabala in the South.

Rainy season the forest is alive again and reveals its true beauty. It is the time that the forest shows itself off at its best. The forest is abundant with bamboo shoots, mushrooms and wild plants and berries which are edible. Wild flowers in various bright colors appear to the eye of the beholder as if one is walking through a heavenly garden. The difficulties of this season is the rain, slippery and muddy trails, and a lot of insects. The good places such as Doi Intanon, Pu Soi Dao in the North, Pu Woa, Pha Tam in the Northeast, Khao Yai, Pang Sida in the Central part. It is advisable to go trekking with an experienced ecotour company, which can suggest good places, good service and good advice for trekking in Thailand.

Thailand is famous the world over for the beauty that Nature has lavished on it, forest mountains and lush valleys, beautiful beaches and island, a plentiful array of plants and wildlife, including many rare species unique to the Kingdom.

Plants are plenty. Deciduous trees shed their leaves during the six-month dry season in the North. On high hills and tablelands, forests of pine and maple are common. Evergreen rainforests in the South range from freshwater swamp forests to thick foliage clinging to kharst outcroppings. Thailand's natural blessings include an amazing array of fruit trees, bamboo, tropical hardwoods, and about 10,000 species of flowers including the national symbol, the orchid.

Animal life has adapted in various ways to the diverse climate and terrain of Thailand. The wildlife of the North is mostly Indochinese in origin. In the South it resembles that of Malaysia and Indonesia. In Thailand's national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are many hundred species of mammals: tiger, leopards, bears, civets, tapirs, elephants, deer, monkeys.

The remarkable diversity of Thailand's flora & fauna is now preserved in 102 national parks (81 land & 21 marine), 57 wildlife sanctuaries, and 55 non-hunting areas. Most of national parks are accessible by road, charge a modest admission fee and offer simple accommodation. The park system provides a visitor with easy access to the full array of Thailand's wonders, from the northern mountain pine forests of Doi Inthanon to the dense southern rainforest of Khao Soke, and Thale Ban National Park in the border province of Satun, from the Phu Jong Nayoi forest on the Lao border in the Northeast to the dazzling coral of Ko Tarutao National Marine Park in the southwest.

  • Khao Yai is a popular national park and is considered one of the best management parks in the world. It's easily for everyone to see herds of wild elephants and barking deer there.
  • Kang Krachan is Thailand's largest park where the wildlife is abundant, such as tigers, elephants, boars, wild cattle, gibbons, hornbills, barking deer, and the Asiatic black bear. It's also a good place for birdwatching.
  • Doi Inthanon, Thailand's tallest mountain, although small, is the most popular park in northern Thailand, and close to Chiang Mai. This cool, rain-drenched peak supports a profusion of orchids and about 400 bird species. Over the past two decades, a sophisticated travel industry has evolved to meet the international desire to explore Thailand's natural beauty. Seeing flora & fauna should you contact qualified tour operators and TEATA is your gateway.

TEATA members offering tours to Fauna & Flora:


Biking Tours

Tourists often enjoy their visit to Thailand so much that they keep coming back for more. For those who want new ways to enjoy their holiday and for adventurous first-timers, cycling tours are an attractive option. Off the beaten tourist track there is the opportunity to see the old Thailand that sometimes travelers forget is there. During riding cyclist can capture its sights, sounds, smells, and tastes with a chance to experience rural life, culture, beautiful nature and charming countryside. But cycling also offers unrivalled freedom of movement. They are mobile enough to cover a lot of ground and cyclists can stop whenever it suits your fancy; to chat with local people, succumb to the allurement of fruit stall, or simply to admire a view.

Due to Thailand's topography having varied features there are many choices for cyclists while riding route that is suitable to their ability. Northern Thailand is a mountainous region comprising of natural forests, ridges, and deep narrow alluvial valleys. A cycling trip here is a good choice for expert riders. But for beginner and experienced riders they have a choice of the three other regions; the Central Plains, the basin of the Chao Phraya River, composed of a lush, fertile valley of golden rice fields; The northeast region, or the Korat Plateau, a rolling surface and undulating hills region, bordering with Cambodia and Laos; and the southern region, a hilly to mountainous region with thick virgin forests and comprised of two of Thailand's most famous coasts, the Gulf of Thailand on east side and the Andaman Sea on the west side. Not only can cyclists ride in Thailand but they can continue their tour in Cambodia or Laos.

If cyclists would like to make their trip more adventurous and see Thailand in a different view, they can add a number of Eco-adventure options to their itinerary including; river rafting, trekking, scuba diving, canoeing, kayaking or rock climbing. They can also combine their program with a number of cultural elements, such as Thailand's famous traditional massage, cooking, local & hill tribe lifestyle, etc.

At the present, travel agencies are beginning to add cycling tours to their programs or choose to be a part of trip activities for an intensive group. A popular choice is the half- day easy trip in Bangkok at Bang Kra Chao route, a half-day easy trip in North & South of Chiang Mai till a 3-week trip in north, south, northeast or Thailand Central Plains. All ages both beginners and experienced are most welcome for cycling in Thailand.

TEATA members offering Biking Tours:

335/8 Moo 1 Na Thai Road, Ao Nang, Muang, Krabi 81180

Tel: +66(0)75 637021
Fax: +66(0)75 637021
21/8 Krungthonburi RD Klongtonsai, Klongsan, Bangkok 10600 Thailand

Tel: 02 440 1979
Fax: 02 4401989 -90
    Friends of Nature Co., Ltd.
133/21 Ratchaprarop Rd., Makkasan, Ratchathevee, Bangkok 10400

Tel: 02 642-4426- 8
Fax: 02 642- 4428
  Nature Trek Co., Ltd.
69 onnivest, Prachacheun Rd., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900

Tel: 02 556-1223 Fax: 02 556-1224 E-mail:  ,  Website: 
    N.S. Travel & Tours Co., Ltd
133/19-20 Ratchaprarop Rd., Makkasan, Ratchathevee, Bangkok 10400

Tel: 02-246- 5659
Fax: 02-248- 8420, 02-246- 5658
E-mail:  ,  Website:  ,
  Planet Scuba & Wild Planet Co.,Ltd
666 Sukhumvit Rd, Klongtan, Klongtoey, Bangkok 10110

Tel: 02-2614412–3 Fax: 02 261 4414
E-mail:  ,  Website:  , 
    SAYAMA travel group
565/83-85 Moo 10, Nongprue, Banglamung Chonburi 20150, Thailand.

Tel: +66 33-67-85-05 Fax: +66 33-67-85-06 E-mail:  Website: 
  Thailand Green Rides
18/70 Moo 13, Tawiwattana Road, Sala Dhammasop, Tawiwattana, Bangkok 10170

Tel: +66 (0) 2 888 9637 Fax: +66 (0) 2 888 9693 E-mail:   Website: 
    Tiger Trail Thailand
62/5 Jaroenprathet Road, Chiang Mai 50100

Tel: 053-278-517-8 Fax: 053-278-519 Email:  Website: 
  Travel Mart Co.,Ltd.
127/21- 22 Ratchaprarop Rd., Makkasan, Ratchathavee, Bangkok 10400

Tel: 02 642- 4230- 1, 02 247- 5371- 2, 02 245- 4211 Fax: 02 640- 0020
E-mail:  ,  Website: 
    Udomporn Tour Ltd.
330/12 Chiangmailand Village, Changklan rd., Muang, Chiangmai 50100

Tel: 053-204-334 Fax: 053-204-350 E-mail:  Website: 
  Wild Thailand
 33/48 Passorn 1,Tambon Klong 3, Amphur Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120
Tel: 02-901- 0480 Fax: 02-901- 0481
E-mail:  ,  Website: 


Activities > Agro Tourism article
Activities > Adventure Park article
Activities > Biking article
Activities > Bird watching article
Activities > Community Based Tourism article
Activities > Cruising article
Activities > Culinary Tours article
Activities > Culture & Lifestyle article
Activities > Diving & Snorkelling article
Activities > Health & Meditation article
Activities > Rafting - Canoe - Kayak article
Activities > Rock Climbing - Abseiling article
Activities > Trekking article
Activities > Volunteering & CSR-Activities article
Activities > Walking Tours article
Activities > Wildlife Watching article

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